PajamasPajamas or pyjamas, usually shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can consult with quite a few linked types of clothes originating from your Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are free-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but in some cases also for lounging,[two] also by each sexes. A lot more normally, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and product.
The word pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Firm rule in India.[seven]
The around the world utilization of pajamas (the word and also the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India in the 18th and 19th generations, as well as British impact on the broader Western entire world in the course of the Victorian era. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early as being the seventeenth century, then often known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they quickly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first 50 % with the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of utilization at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by different persons in India e.g. by Women of all ages of assorted courses, by Sikh men, and many by Mohammedans of the two sexes. It was adopted within the Mohammedans by Europeans being an post of dishabille and of pidžame night time apparel, and is synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the habit similar to a excellent numerous Many others through the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Hospital: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become used in London outlets. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 yrs ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was at times the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Regular pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers combination crafted from gentle cloth, like flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket aspect generally provides a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] Many individuals decide to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both which has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For that reason, pajama trousers for men and boys are sometimes bought as separates.
In colloquial speech, these standard pajamas will often be referred to as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally known as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas function a fall seat (generally known as a trap doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats were being very common on pajamas created ahead of the 1950s, but within the early 20-to start with century They're relatively scarce.
Up to date pajamas are derived from common pajamas. There are lots of versions in model such as quick sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different duration, or, from time to time, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating various supplies. Chiefly while in the US, extend-knit slumber clothing with rib-knit trimmings are common. Typically worn by young children, these clothes normally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and might also be footed.
Though pajamas are frequently distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, during the US, they have occasionally incorporated the latter like a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Use a form of small costume top rated around shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may perhaps now refer to women's combination daywear, especially in the US where they became popular in the early twentieth century, consisting of short-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and hostess pajamas.